A safety data sheet is a document that provides information about the properties, risks and safe use of a substance or mixture in industrial or professional activities. Provisions regarding safety data sheets are laid down in Article 31 of Title IV 'Information in the supply chain' of the REACH Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006. The supplier (manufacturer, importer, downstream user or distributor) responsible for placing a chemical substance or preparation on the market must compile a safety data sheet for chemicals intended for industrial or professional use and submit it to the recipient of the chemical.
A few changes have been made to the safety data sheet requirements under the REACH Regulation. Annex II to the REACH Regulation 'Requirements for the compilation of safety data sheets' have been amended by Commission Regulation (EU) 453/2010 and Commission Regulation (EU) 2015/830. Comission Regulation (EU) 2015/830 entered into force on 1 June 2015.
A safety data sheet must be compiled for chemicals classified as dangerous and chemicals that contain dangerous substances. In addition, a safety data sheet must be compiled for substances that are persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic (PBT) or very persistent and very bioaccumulative (vPvB) or included in the "Candidate List" established in accordance with Article 59(1). Suppliers must also provide a recipient with the safety data sheet for a chemical that does not meet the criteria for classification as dangerous if so requested by the recipient.
A safety data sheet need not be supplied where dangerous substances or preparations offered or sold to the general public are provided with sufficient information to enable users to take the necessary measures as regards the protection of human health, safety and the environment, unless requested by a downstream user or distributor.
Actors in the supply chain who are required to carry out a chemical safety assessment for a substance must ensure that the information in the safety data sheet is consistent with the information in the assessment. The relevant exposure scenarios must be placed in an annex to the safety data sheet.
The safety data sheet must be:
- dated and contain the standard headings in the specified order;
- updated as soon as new information which may affect the chemical's properties or use becomes available;
- supplied in the official language(s) of the Member State where the substance or mixture is placed on the market;
- provided free of charge on paper or electronically.
Any updated versions of the safety data sheet must be provided to all former recipients to whom the chemical was supplied within the preceding 12 months. The information provided in the safety data sheet must also always be submitted to the Tukes Product Register of Chemicals in conjunction with statutory chemical notifications.
For more information about safety data sheets in accordance with the REACH Regulation visit the helpdesk website.