Protection of pollinators, beneficial organisms and mammals
Tukes conducts a risk assessment to evaluate whether the product’s proposed use will pose a risk to pollinators, beneficial arthropods, mammals or birds. The organism warning is product-specific. Tukes can impose restrictions on the use of a product to protect:
- pollinators, such as bees and bumblebees;
- beneficial arthropods, such as the ichneumon or Mesostigmata; and
- birds and mammals.
Bee warning protects pollinators
- If a product is detrimental to bees and bumblebees, flowering plants may only be treated after outside of the flying time of bees, between 9 p.m. and 6 a.m.
- Products that are highly toxic to bees and other pollinating insects may not be used to treat flowering plants at all.
- The use of all products within 60 m of beehives is prohibited without the consent of the beekeeper.
- The instructions can contain plant-specific additions to the bee warning.
- Bee warnings usually apply to products used to exterminate pest insects.
- The sales packaging indicates how harmful the plant protection product is to beneficial arthropods.
- Beneficial organisms include ichneumon that parasitise pest insects, Mesostigmata that feed on pest insects and ladybirds, which eat aphids.
- Products intended for greenhouse use in particular indicate whether the product is compatible with biological pest control methods, such as ichneumon.
Birds and mammals can eat treated seed
Protection instructions concerning birds and mammals apply to treated seed.
For example, the sales packaging can state:
- The plant protection product is highly toxic to birds and mammals, treated seed must be covered carefully with soil when sown.
- Excess seed may not be stored within reach of birds or mammals.
- Treated seed entering the environment by accident must be removed to protect birds and wild mammals.