Products’ compliance with requirements
Legislation lays down requirements on products in order to ensure various aspects of safety, health, environmental protection and consumer protection. All products must be safe and reliable to use, or they must comply with certain minimum requirements.
Provisions on these requirements are laid down inEU directives, regulations and decisions, and in national legislation. Product-specific legislation specifies the responsibilities of manufacturers, importers and distributors in ensuring product compliance.
EU product legislation
The EU aims to guarantee the free movement of products by harmonising requirements for products. The free movement of products would be put at risk if enterprises had to demonstrate product compliance separately in each country.
In the EU, requirements for products are harmonised by directives that each EU Member State must transpose into national legislation by national acts and decrees. Requirements for products are also harmonised by EU regulations and decisions that, in contrast, are directly applicable and become automatically binding in the Member States.
Harmonised European requirements are not specified for all products. Such product groups may, however, be subject to requirements laid down in the Finnish national legislation. National procedures for demonstrating compliance are specified separately in the statutes on the product group in question.
Examples of nationally regulated product groups supervised by Tukes include:
- articles of precious metals
- construction products not to be CE marked
- fertilisers and garden peat
- measuring instruments for compressed gas sold for use as fuel
- measures used at open-air marketplaces
- beer taps
Mutual recognition of products
The EU aims to ensure that the national product requirements do not create technical barriers to the free movement of goods in the EU. The EU has established the principles of mutual recognition, on which a product lawfully marketed in one Member State is allowed to be marketed in other Member States, and on which it is possible to address the marketing of such products.