Integrated pest management

In integrated pest management, the user of plant protection products integrates different pest control methods. In practice, it means integrating the use of plant protection products with other control methods in a carefully considered manner according to need. It means finding the control method best suited for each situation, considering the cultivated plant and the overall situation.  The objective is to reduce the risks related to the use of plant protection products.

Those using plant protection products in their profession must observe the principles of integrated pest management. The same collaboratively considered principles are applied everywhere in the EU area.


The principles of integrated pest management in a nutshell

Prevent pest infestation in advance

  • Reduce pest infestation by means of versatile crop rotation
  • Use pest-resistant crop varieties.
  • Ensure vigorous and resistant plant growth by means of balanced fertilizing and by providing a well-treated growth medium.



Monitor pest infestation

  • For monitoring pests, use such methods as sticky traps or growth monitoring.
  • Seek assistance from expert services and models predicting pest infestation.


Make your decision to use pest control based on your pest monitoring results.

  • Rely on your monitoring results when deciding to use control methods.
  • Use the threshold values for pest control, i.e. information on the density of a pest at which a control treatment will provide an economic return.



Use different control methods in a versatile manner.

  • If there are well-functioning alternatives for chemical plant protection products, use the alternatives.
  • Biological pest control includes such methods as natural parasitoids, bacteria and viruses of pests.
  • Mechanical methods include harrowing, weeding and flame weeding.



Use plant protection products in as small amounts as possible.

  • Select a plant protection product with the least harmful effects on human health, the environment, and other than the targeted organisms.
  • Prolong the interval between applications, if possible.
  • Under favourable conditions, reduce the dosage of the product.
  • Treat only part of the growth if pests occur in patches.


Prevent the development of strains resistant to plant protection products.

  • Use plant protection products belonging to different active substance groups.

Monitor how your control measures are working.

  • Study plant protection by monitoring how your prevention methods are working.

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