Areas of safety management
Duties and competence of the personnel
Identifying hazards and risk assessment
Measurement of operations
When dangerous chemicals are handled and stored in a facility, the facility must maintain and develop its safety operations in a goal-oriented manner. Hazards to health, the environment and property must be taken into consideration in the operations. It must be possibly to demonstrate the working condition and safety level of the facility reliably.
Taking care of safety requires systematic management measures, monitoring during operation and the assessment of measures that maintain and develop safety.
Functioning management involves systematic planning based on continuous development, work on safety and regular assessment of measures.
The personnel must be provided with sufficient information about the following subjects:
Responsible persons such as the chemicals operation supervisor must be appointed for large-scale chemical facilities, and similarly, a LPG operation supervisor must be appointed for LPG plants. Operation supervisors must have passed an examination arranged by Tukes. More information can be found on the page on operation supervisors.
The personnel must be given regular training and instruction on dangerous chemicals.
Hazards caused by chemicals and the consequences of possible accidents must be assessed and, if necessary, updated regularly at the facility, especially in connection with changes related to the operations. The hazards identified must be taken into account in the design, operation and instructions.
A functional preventive maintenance and upkeep plan covers the following issues:
In order to demonstrate the realisation of the maintenance plan, the person responsible for maintenance must keep a record of the work done.
Chemical facilities must have a written change management procedure, which states how the risks related to changes, both major and minor, are assessed and how their management measures are implemented. Change management areas include:
Management and communications
Identifying hazards and risk assessment
Inspections, permits and documentation
Chemical facilities must prepare for incidents and make risk-based plans in case of accidents. The measures started in case of accidents and dangerous situations must be described in the internal rescue plan (Government Decree on the Monitoring of the Handling and Storage of Dangerous Chemicals 685/2015, Annex V).
You can find more information about the internal emergency rescue plan and the requirements on its content in the Tukes Guide 8/2015 Sisäinen pelastussuunnitelma (in Finnish, pdf, 318 kb).
Chemical facilities must develop monitoring and assessment methods suitable for their operations that can be used to demonstrate that the facility is safe and in working order. Reliable assessment of the safety level requires setting safety goals and objectives. When the goals and objectives have been set, the current situation can be compared with own goal levels. The criteria and assessment methods may vary depending on the field and the scope of operations, i.e. the amount of dangerous chemicals.
The level of chemical and process safety can be measured with proactive and reactive indicators. You can find more information on measuring process safety in the Tukes Guide Prosessiturvallisuus- ja sen mittaaminen (in Finnish, pdf, 1,7 MB) on process safety and measuring it, among other things.
Proactive indicators may include, for example, the realisation (%) out of the projected value
Reactive indicators include, for example:
Safety can also be measured with indicators that are not focused directly on the functionality and reliability of the facility’s processes. Such indicators can include accidents and close calls, for example. If chemical facilities only use such indicators, chemical safety observations and their results should nevertheless be clearly separated from the other areas.
Act on the Safe Handling and Storage of Dangerous Chemicals and Explosives 390/2005 (in Finnish)
Government Decree on the Monitoring of the Handling and Storage of Dangerous Chemicals 685/2015 (in Finnish)
Government Decree on Safety Requirements for Industrial Handling and Storage of Dangerous 856/2012 (in Finnish)
Government Decree on the Safety Requirements of Liquid Gas Plants 858/2012 (in Finnish)
Tukes Guide 10/2015 ‘Toimintaperiaateasiakirja’ on major accident prevention policy documents (in Finnish, pdf, 337 kb)
Tukes Guide 22/2021 ‘Turvallisuusselvitys’ on safety reports (pdf, 577 kb, in Finnish)
Process safety indicators
Tukes Guide “Prosessiturvallisuus- ja sen mittaaminen” on process safety and measuring it (in Finnish, pdf, 1,7 MB)