CE marking

The CE marking indicates that the manufacturer or authorised representative of the product guarantees that the product conforms to the essential requirements set out in the applicable EU directives and regulations.

Products equipped with a CE marking can move freely within the entire EU.

The marking is affixed to the product by the manufacturer or its authorised representative.

The CE marking is not issued by an authority or third party.

Products that require the CE marking include:

  • toys
  • machinery
  • lifts
  • electrical appliances
  • personal protective equipment
  • certain construction products
  • gas equipment
  • measuring instruments.


The CE marking can only be affixed to products that require a CE marking in accordance with applicable product legislation. If the CE marking is used inappropriately, the authorities supervising the products may take action.

If a product is missing the statutory CE marking, or if the marking does not comply with the requirements, the authorities may order the product to be removed from the market. Inappropriate use of the CE marking is also punishable (Act on Violations Concerning CE Markings 187/2010).

A CE marking is not a general safety label

A CE marking is not
•    a general safety label
•    a guarantee that a product is of particularly high quality or easy to use
•    a way of rating products.


In addition to the CE marking, some products must show other required labels or markings. These are listed under product-specific requirements (in the Products and Services section of tukes.fi).

 

Certain products are assessed by a notified body before the CE marking is affixed to the product

In general, a CE marking can be affixed to a product without the use of a testing or inspection facility.

However, in certain product categories, the product’s compliance with requirements must be assessed by a notified body before a CE marking can be affixed to it. The manufacturer is responsible for this task. For example, a product may be assessed in terms of the product itself and its characteristics, the production process, and quality control. Only after a successful assessment may the manufacturer draw up a manufacturer's declaration of conformity or, in certain product categories, a declaration of performance, and affix a CE marking to the product.
 
Products that are required to be assessed for compliance by a notified body include:

  • gas operated domestic appliances
  • certain machinery, such as vehicle lifting equipment and chainsaws
  • personal protective equipment such as riding, cycling and skiing helmets and respiratory protective devices
  • lifts
  • measuring instruments
  • certain construction products.

Five steps of CE marking

Product-specific requirements
Check all the requirements regarding the product (directives, regulations and harmonised standards).

Checking and testing of the product
Check the product against the requirements and test the product if necessary. If required in the applicable regulations, have the product’s compliance assessed by a notified body.

Technical documents
Prepare the required technical documentation and keep it available for the market surveillance authorities.

Operating instructions
Draw up instructions for the safe use of the product. In Finland, these instructions must be available in Finnish and Swedish.

EC Declaration of Conformity and CE marking
Draw up the EC Declaration of Conformity and/or, in the case of construction products, the Declaration of Performance, and attach a CE marking to the product.

 Further information on product groups subject to CE marking

Product group subject to CE marking EU regulations The Commission information site Surveillance authorities in Finland

Ecodesign of energy-related products

Ecodesign Directive 2009/125/EY

Hot-water Boiler Directive 92/42/ETY

Ecodesign

Ecodesign, hot-water boilers

Tukes

Personal protective equipment

Personal Protective Equipment Regulation (EU) 2016/425

Personal protective equipment

Personal protective equipment intended for use at work: 
Occupational safety and health authorities STM 
Personal protective equipment intended for consumer use:
Tukes

 

Lifts

Lifts Directive 2014/33/EU

Lifts

Tukes

Recreational crafts

Recreational Craft Directive 2013/53/EU

Recreational crafts

Trafi

Gas appliances

Decree on Gas Appliances (EU) 2016/426

Gas appliances

Tukes

Machinery

Machinery Directive 2006/42/EY

Machinery

Machinery intended for use at work:
Occupational safety and health authorities STM
Machinery intended for consumer use:
Tukes

Noise emissions of machinery

Noise Emissions Directive 2000/14/EY

Noise emissions from equipment for outdoor use

Occupational safety and health authorities STM
Machinery intended for consumer use:
Tukes

Cableways

Cableways Regulation (EU) 2016/424

Cableways

Occupational safety and health authorities STM

Toys

Toy Directive 2009/48/EY

Toys

Tukes

Measuring instruments

Measuring Instruments Directive 2014/32/EU

Weighing Instruments Directive 2014/31/EU

Measuring instruments

Tukes

Pressure equipment, pressurised containers

Pressure Equipment Directive 2014/68/EU

Simple Pressure Vessels Directive 2014/29/EU 

Pressure equipment

Tukes

Pyrotechnic products

Pyrotechnic Articles Directive 2013/29/EU

Specific chemicals

Tukes

Radio equipment

Radio Equipment Directive 2014/53/EU (RED)

Radio Equipment Directive

Finnish Communications Regulatory Authority

Construction products

Construction Products Regulation (EU) N:o 305/2011 (CPR)

Construction

Tukes

Equipment in potentially explosive atmospheres

ATEX Directive 2014/34/EU

Equipment in potentially explosive atmospheres (ATEX)

Tukes

Explosives intended for civil use

Civil Explosives Directive 2014/28/EU

Specific chemicals

Tukes

Electrical appliances

Low Voltage Directive  2014/35/EU (LVD)

LVD Directive

Tukes

Electromagnetic compatibility

EMC Directive 2014/30/EU

EMC Directive

 

Tukes

Healthcare devices and equipment

Medical Devices Directive 90/385/EEC and 93/42/EEC
both replaced by Medical Devices Regulation (EU) 2017/745
Medical Devices Directive 98/79/EC replaced by Medical Devices Regulation (EU) 2017/746

Medical devices

Valvira

Restrictions on the use of certain hazardous substances in the EEE

RoHS II Directive 2011/65/EU

RoHS II

Tukes

Valvira

STM = Ministry of Social Affairs and Health
Trafi = Finnish Transport Safety Agency
Tukes = Finnish Safety and Chemicals Agency
Valvira = National Supervisory Authority for Welfare and Health