Planning authorities must take into account establishments involving accident hazards, such as establishments with chemicals and explosives, when drafting a plan. For the planning of areas in the vicinity of establishments involving accident hazards, a statement must be obtained from Tukes and the rescue service authority.
Things to note when planning:
- consequences of construction and other operations permitted by the plan
- e.g. consequences of potential accidents in near-by establishments with chemicals and explosives.
The Ministry of the Environment has prepared a guidance letter on the matter (in Finnish).
Planning authorities should consult Tukes and the rescue service authority as early as possible when planning areas in the vicinity of establishments involving accident hazards. Early contact helps ensure a smooth planning process. We recommend consulting Tukes and the rescue authority at the participation and assessment plan stage, for example, to determine whether statements and participation in meetings with the authorities are needed later.
A consultation zone has been defined for all chemical sites supervised by Tukes. A statement must be obtained from Tukes and the rescue authority for any plan changes or larger construction on a consultation zone.
Things to note when planning a new chemical plant
A basic requirement for the siting of a new production plant is that the planning in the area permits a new production plant. The area must be reserved for industrial and storage operations, in which case its plan symbol is “T”, for example. The plan symbol T/Kem is recommended for sites that pose a major accident risk, i.e industrial or storage building areas where a major plant that manufactures or stores dangerous chemicals can be located.
A production plant may not, without specifically justified grounds, be located on a major groundwater area or other groundwater area suitable for water supply.
Tukes assesses the siting of production plants during permit processing.Tukes’s assessment is based on the consequences of potential accidents. Tukes has prepared a guide on the siting of production plants.
Tukes-opas Tuotantolaitosten sijoittaminen
Ympäristöministeriön ohjekirje kemikaalilaitosten kaavoituksesta
Maankäytön ohjekirje, liite, Seveso III-direktiivin artiklat 13, 15
Tukes-opas Kemikaalilaitosten yhteistoiminta onnettomuuksien ehkäisemiseksi
Tukesin nimeämät dominokohteet
YM:n sivut maankäytöstä ja rakentamisesta
Kaupunkirakenteen tiivistäminen suuronnettomuusriskit huomioiden -hankkeen sivusto ChemCity